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Werewolves in French Switzerland

To peasants whose livelihoods depended upon livestock, wolves were one of the most feared and loathed animals, making the idea of transformations into werewolves an ominous one; however, folk belief about werewolves and demonological beliefs about them differed significantly. While the educated demonologists viewed the belief that humans could transform into werewolves as superstitious, they […]

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Baba Yaga

Baba Yaga (or Baba Iaga) was a prominent figure in Slavic Folklore. The first image of her is believed to have arisen around 1755 in Mikhail Lomonosov’s Russian Grammar. It is important to note that descriptions of her vary, and her image and nature are ambiguous. Most often she is depicted as an old and […]

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Nicholas Remy and the Trials in Lorraine

The territory of Lorraine is located on the border of France and Germany in the northeast of France. Although France officially annexed the territory in 1766, during the time of the witch trials, it was still an independent, French-speaking duchy. Compared to central and northern France, witch-hunts in the duchies of Lorraine and Franche-Comte, located […]

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The Parlement of Paris

The Parlement of Paris was a powerful, centralized court system located in Paris. It was also the court of appeals for the lower courts of much of the surrounding areas of northern France. Unlike some of the lower courts in more rural areas, the parlement was becoming increasingly regulated and aligning more and more with […]

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Witch Trials of Labourd, France (1609)

The region of Pays de Labourd was the site of the only official, mass witch-hunt in France during the early modern period. The hunt was initiated in 1609 when King Henry IV sent two officials from the Parlement of Bordeaux, Pierre de Lancre and Jean d’Espagnet, to investigate witchcraft in the area. However, de Lancre […]

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